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What are the types of 3D printing materials available

2024-03-19 17:43

There are various types of 3D printing materials that are suitable for different printing technologies and application scenarios. Here are some common 3D printing materials:
1. Engineering plastics: such as ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) and PLA (polylactic acid), which are the most common FDM (melt deposition modeling) printing materials, are widely used in consumer grade 3D printers.
2. Photosensitive resin: used for SLA (Stereoscopic Light Curing) or DLP (Digital Light Processing) technology, capable of producing models with high detail and smooth surfaces.
3. Rubber material: This type of material is usually used to make flexible or elastic parts, suitable for printed items that require a certain degree of flexibility.
4. Metal materials: such as titanium alloys, stainless steel, etc., which are commonly used in SLM (selective laser melting) or SLS (selective laser sintering) technology, suitable for manufacturing industrial parts and complex metal components.
5. Ceramic materials: used for printing high-precision and heat-resistant models, such as artworks, dental implants, etc.
6. Composite materials: such as carbon fiber reinforced plastic, used for printing high-strength and lightweight structural components.
7. Biomaterials: such as cellular biomaterials, used in the fields of bioprinting and tissue engineering.
8. Food materials: such as sugar, chocolate, etc., used for 3D printing of food to create edible structures and shapes.
9. Gypsum material: Colored gypsum material can be used to print colorful models or sculptures.
10. Artificial bone powder: used for 3D printing in the medical field, such as creating orthopedic implant models.
Each material has its unique properties and applicable scenarios, and selecting the appropriate material is crucial for ensuring printing quality and achieving design intent. With the development of technology, more and more new materials are being developed, further expanding the application range of 3D printing.